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Oh, East is East, and West is West, and never the twain shall meet

Till Earth and Sky stand presently at Gods great Judgement Seat

But there is neither East nor West, Border, Breed nor Birth

When two strong men stand face to face, though they come from the ends of the Earth.22

 

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The tumult and the shouting dies
The captains and the kings depart
Still stands Thine ancient sacrifice,
An humble and a contrite heart.
Lord God of Hosts, be with us yet,
Lest we forget, lest we forget.23

, 볢.

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1 Voltaire, Le Sicle de Lous XIV, : Denys Hay, Europe: The Emergence of an Idea (, 1957)

2 Edmund Burke, Letters on a Regicide Peace, : Denys Hay, Europe: The Emergence of an Idea (, 1957)

3 : R. Barber, The Penguin Guide to Mediaeval Europe (˸, 1984)

4 George F. Kennan, Siberia and the Exile System, (-, 1891), : Benson Bobrick, East of the the Sun: The Epic Conquest and Tragic history of Siberia (-, 1992)

5 . W.H. Parker, Is Russia in Europe? The Geographical Viewpoint //An Historical Geography of Russia (˸, 1968)

6 T.S. Eliot, Die Einheit der Europaeischen Kultur (, 1946)

7 Henri Janne, Europes Cultural Identity (, 1981)

8 : Margaret Shennan, Teaching about Europe (˸, 1991)

9 : Anthony Sampson, In Search of Europe // History Today, 42 ( 1992 .)

10 . J. Tazbir, Myśl polska w novożytnej kulturze europejskiej (, 1986)

11 L.-P. Sgur, Tableau historique et politique de lEurope de 1786 1806, : J. Fabre, Stanislas-Auguste Poniatowski et lEurope des lumires (, 1952)

12 Ren Albrecht-Carri, Two Special Cases: England and Russia // The Unity of Europe: An Historical Survey (˸, 1966)

13 Timothy Garton Ash, The Uses of Adversity: Essays on the Fate of Central Europe (-, 1989), G. Schopflin and Nancy Wood, The Cearch for Central Europe (, 1989), J. Le Rider, La Mitteleuropa (, 1994)

14 Hugh Seton-Watson, What Is Europe, Where Is Europe? From Mystique to Politique // Encounter, 65/2 (- 1985)

15 ibid.

16 ibid.

17 ibid.

18 Douglas Johnson, What Is European History? // UCL History Newsletter, 8 (˸, 1991)

19 F. Guizot, The History of Civilisation in Europe (˸)

20 George Burton Adams, European History: An Outline of Its Development (˸ -, 1899)

21 Turne L. Plunkett, R.B. Mowat, A History of Europe, (, 1927)

22 Rudyard Kipling, The Ballad of East and West // The Defenitive Edition of Kiplings Verse (˸, 1949)

23 Kipling, Recessional: June 22, 1897 // The Oxford Book of English Verse (, 1939)

24 Molefi Kete Asante, Afrocentricity (, -, 1988)

25 . George James, Stolen Legacy (-, 1976)

26 S.Amin, Eurocentrism (˸, 1989),V. Lambropoulos, The Rise of Eurocentrism: Anatomy of Interpretation (˸, 1993)

27 Jacques Ellul, Trahison de loccident (, 1975)

28 Edward Said, Orientalism (˸, 1978)

29 Maurice Keen, The Pelican History of Mediaeval Europe (˸, 1969)

30 ibid.

31 W.H. McNeill, History of Western Civilisation: A Handbook, 6- . (, 1986)

32 J. Plamenatz, Two Types of Nationalism // E. Kamenka (.), Nationalism: The Nature and Evolution of an Idea (-, 1976)

33 ibid.

34 Halford Mackinder, Democratic Ideas and Reality (˸, 1919), The Round World and the Winning of Peace // Foreign Affairs, 21 (1943)

 

˳

Norman Davis. Europe: A History. Pimplico, ˸, 1997