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. The post-colonial in culture, , acquires a transcendence over both the colonial and the anti-colonial by its more sophisticated perceptual standpoint. It is aware that the affirmation of an anti-colonial credo inevitably relies upon, and preserves, the memory and structure of the opposite ideology; it is aware of the radical relativity of both the term colonialism and its negation, and is content to derive benefit from this state of affairs in politics through the licence to practise a pragmatism liberated from ideology, in the work of art through the possibility of exploring the consequences of the historical avilability of colonial myth without any obligation to conform or deny it, and with every right to play with it 14.

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1 . : . . XIX-XX . : , 1996, ʳ-: , . 35-41. : Roman Szporluk, Des Marches de lEmpire a la construction dune nation, Loutre Europe. ahier semestrel, 1995, N 30-31, p. 134-150.

2 ³ , , 㳳 㳳 : For (Ukrainian) nationalists the refutation of the Little Russian version of Ukrainian history is an essential means of veryfying their sense of identity, separate from that of Russia and the product of a long and glorious past... In [a] sense, the Little Russian or Russian nationalist version of Ukrainian history is of course equally mythical. (Andrew Wilson, Ukrainian Nationalism in the 1990 s. A Minority Faith, ambridge University Press, 1997, p. 157-8, 260.) , , , - (. Nationalist historiography, p.157-161).

3 . : .., .., ..: , .., , : , 1991, . 352-353, George G.Grabowicz, History and the Myth of the Cossac Ukraine in Polish and Russian Romanticism, unpublished dissertation, Cambridge, MA: 1975; Marko Pavlyshyn, The Rhetoric and Politics of Kotliarevskys Eneida, Journal of Ukrainian Studies, Vol. 10, 1, 1985.

4 .: , ³ 񳿔 : , , 1994, N 2, . 120-144, : ., , , ˳ , 21 1996, . 3; --, , , 28 1997, . 10.

5 : Taras Kuzio, Ukraine: The Unfinished Revolution, London: Institute for European Defence and Strategic Studies, 1992.

6 1989 , 11 . (22 % ), 4,6 . (9 % ), . , , . , , , , , , . , , 34 . . , , . . Valeri Khmelko, Domnque Arel, The Russian Factor and Territorial Polarization in Ukraine, The Harriman Review, Vol. 9, N1-2 (Spring 1996), p. 86. 븢, , , , , , , . , , , , , . . ivil Society and National Identity in Ukraine, in Taras Kuzio (ed.), Soviet to Independent Ukraine: The Troubled Transformation, Armonk, N.Y.: M.E.Sharpe, 1997 (forthcoming).

7 ., , , , : Today, not only outside the borders of Ukraine but in Ukraine itself there has re-emerged the centuries-old policy of Ukraine without Ukrainians a policy aimed at the destruction of the Ukrainian nation under cover of the pan-democratic, pan-Slavic, pan-Orthodox demagofuery which has always served our oppressors. ( Towards an Intellectual History of Ukraine, An Anthology of Ukrainian Thought from 1710 to 1995, ed. by Ralph Lindheim and George S.N. Luckyj. Toronto-Buffalo-London: U. of Toronto P., 1996, p. 395-396.) : ˳ , 12 1995, . 1-2.

8 . : , , , . 2, : , 1962. : Ralph Lindheim and George S.N. Luckyj (eds.), Towards an Intellectual History of Ukraine. Toronto. 1996, p. 316-329. : , , , 1988, N 5, . 250-4; Roman Solchanyk, Little Russianism and the Ukrainian-Russian Relationship: An Interview with Mykola Ryabchuk. in Ukraine: From Chernobyl to Sovereignty. A Collection of Interviews, ed. by Roman Solchanyk. London:Macmillan 1992, P. 19-30.

9 Oxana Grabowicz, The Legacy of Colonialism in Contemporary Ukraine a paper delivered at the Second Congress of the International Assaciation the Experts on Ukrainian Studies, : 1993. : , c , , 1994 , N 1, . 14-15.

10 , , -. Despite Ukraine`s centrality, , standard works on the history of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union say relatively little about it... Many western authors derive their treatment of Ukraine from Russian views of the relationship between national groups. These tend to take the melting-pot rather than the kaleidoscope as their point of doparture... Dependent, in the main, on publications sanotioned by Russians, western students of the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union find it difficuit to take their eyes off the Russian heartland... Ill-informed about Ukraine in the decades and centuries when it appears to be dormant, [they] find difficulty in establishing a balance between Ukrainian and non-Ukrainian perspectives. (David Sanders, What Makes a Nation a Nation? Ukrainians since 1660, Ethnic Groups, 1993, vol. 10, p. 101-2). Kievan Russia, , , , Ancient Romania (Romo) Old Britain (Brittany). , , . ., . Edward Keenan, On Certain Mythical Beliefs and Russian Behaviors in S. Frederic Starr (ed.), The Legacy of History in Russia and the New States of Eurasia, Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1994; Mark von Hagen, Does Ukraine Have a History? Slavic Review, Vol. 54, 3 (Fall 1995).

11 : : ? (: , 1995). . (, N 1, 1997).

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13 ֳ ? (, 24 1997, .4).

14 Marko Pavlyshyn, Post-Colonial Features in Contemporary Ukrainian Culture. Australiar Slavic and East European Studies, Vol. 6, N 2 (1992), p. 45.

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